Mariculture is an important role in world economy. From long period of time mariculture are cultivating their traditional way, but now a days adopting new technology and other experiences in their field. In this book takes the reader, types of mariculture and its operations along with the marine environment and structure for cultures. It also provides information regarding integrated multi- trophic aquaculture that is the IMTA, its concepts and current systems. It's also containing environmental and ecological impacts of mariculture and how to manage it. In this book, we include different concept and methodologies related to mariculture and contains the integrated fish farming, backyard re-circulatory aquaculture system and the different types of farming in mariculture. We accentuate the development of sustainable methods such as lagooning and artificial wetlands, sustainable feed management and use of chemicals. We shed lights on the future of mariculture as well as aquaculture, sustainable growth and development in various countries along with defining their diseases. This book has been designed to suit the knowledge and pursuit of the researcher and scholars and to empower them with the concepts of mariculture and aquaculture. I hope that the readers find the book descriptive and perceptive and that this book is referred by the scholars across various fields.